GETTYType 2 diabetes Experts have said risk is complex
29 July, 2017, 00:39
People who have diabetes either don't make enough insulin or don't use it effectively.
This was a cohort study where the participants were followed up for a period of time.
Health experts surveyed and said the caution over the findings. The participants in the study were 28,704 men and 41,847 women - a total of 76,484.
They began by gathering data from Danish citizens 18 years old or older who completed the Danish Health Examination Survey. This prompted the research team to examine the effects of drinking frequency (number of drinks per week) on diabetes risk, and also consider the influence of specific beverages on blood sugar levels.
Director general Dave Roberts said: "This report demonstrates the complex relationship between alcohol consumption and health".
Information on participants' incidence of diabetes was obtained from the Danish National Diabetes Register. The lowest risk for developing type 2 diabetes was observed among men reporting consuming 14 drinks per week (HR = 0.57; 95% CI, 0.47-0.7); for women, the lowest risk for diabetes was observed among those reporting consuming nine drinks per week (HR = 0.42; 95% CI, 0.35-0.51).
"In this study you find that drinking low to moderate alcohol was associated with the lower diabetes risk but at that same level we know that alcohol is associated with for instance increased risk of breast cancer", Tolstrup added.
"Our findings suggest that alcohol drinking frequency is associated with the risk of diabetes and that consumption of alcohol over three to four weekdays is associated with the lowest risks of diabetes, even after taking average weekly alcohol consumption into account", said Janne Tolstrup, the study's lead author and a professor at the University of Southern Denmark. It could be better to "drink the alcohol in four portions rather than all at once" she said.
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The latest highly confusing story comes from Denmark - where researchers found that people who drank low to moderate amounts of alcohol three to four times a week, were actually less likely to develop diabetes than teetotallers.
The researchers also looked at the amount of alcohol consumed. Wine, as has been found before, was found to be most beneficial because it contains more polyphenols. Men who drank one to six glasses of beer a week saw their chances of getting diabetes lowered by 21%, compared with men who drank less than one a week.
There was no such effect of beer consumption among women.
This is tricky. Those who drink heavily consume "empty calories" and sugar that the body may not be able to metabolize properly, hence leading to diabetes.
A standard drink in the United States has 14.0 grams or 0.6 ounces or 1.2 tablespoons of pure alcohol. So, if you're a fan of rosé, a 125ml glass at ABV 12% (alcohol by volume) is 1.5 units, a pint of beer at ABV 5.2% is 3 units, and a shot of gin (25ml) at ABV 40% is just 1 unit.
Drinking beer seemed to affect men and women differently.
Heavy drinking means 8 or more drinks per week for women and 15 or more drinks per week for men.
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