Tuesday, 24 October, 2017

Drug-Resistant HIV Is On the Rise

Aids Deaths Halve As More Get Drugs Image sourced
Arthur Frazier | 22 July, 2017, 00:47

For the first time in the global AIDS epidemic that has spanned four decades and killed 35 million people, more than half of all those infected with HIV are on drugs to treat the virus, the United Nations said in a report released Thursday.

The report says that in the world's most affected region, eastern and southern Africa, the number of people on treatment has more than doubled since 2010, reaching almost 10.3 million people.

In Việt Nam, half of the people living with HIV were under treatment in 2016, and the estimated number of AIDS-related deaths was the lowest since 2004. "Around 30 percent of people living with HIV still do not know their HIV status, 17.1 million people living with HIV do not have access to anti retroviral therapy, and more than half of all people living with HIV are not virally suppressed".

Meanwhile, the gains made with the Ante Retro Viral (ARV) drugs which is used to manage persons living with HIV may be lost, if nothing was done urgently to address the rising resistance of the virus to available medications.

"India is the country where most new HIV infections are occurring in the Asia-Pacific region".

UNAIDS also said there were about 36.7 million people with HIV in 2016, up slightly from 36.1 million the year before.

This figure is in steady decline year after year (except for a slight rebound in 2014), very far from the maximum of 3.5 million new infections reached in 1997.

New infections from HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, have nearly halved in India over the past decade, but decline has to be greater to end AIDS by 2030. With continued scale-up, this progress puts the world on track to reach the global target of 30 million people on treatment by 2020, according to the report.

Pakistan SC warns Sharif's children of seven-year jail if papers forged
The matter regarding sources of funds will be observed If Maryam was found an owner of the properties, Justice Ijazul Ahsan said. Justice Ijaz said that Hussain Nawaz and Tariq Shafi stated before the JIT that they did not know about the notary.

Alarmingly, AIDS-related deaths have risen in these two regions by 48% and 38% respectively.

"Haiti is the only country in the region to have achieved the second target - at least 90 per cent of diagnosed people on treatment".

Northern Africa and the Middle East are two additional problem areas.

At the end of 2016, these proportions were 70%, 77% and 82%, according to Unaids. He said: "We need to, not only vastly accelerate the roll out of HIV treatment and existing prevention options, but to also continue and sustain investment and provide new tools that would move the world closer to ending AIDS".

By 2020, states the plan, 90 percent of infected people must know their status, of whom 90 percent must be on treatment.

The report notes that about three-quarters of pregnant women with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, now have access to medicines to prevent them from passing it to their babies.

"Globally, progress has been significant, but there is still more work to do", the authors said in a statement.

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